Bill Bright and the Rise of the Religious Right
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Fri Feb 24, 2006 at 11:29:38 AM EST
One of the key leaders of the Religious Right is often overlooked.  Bill Bright, founder of Campus Crusade, had a larger role than a lot of people realize.

In 1974 and 1975 Bill Bright convened a series of secret meetings with 20-25 key Christian Right leaders.  They formed Third Century Publishers to publish books and study guides to link their political agenda with conservative Christianity.  They needed a tax-exempt foundation to receive donations to help them with the for-profit Third Century Publishers.  Bright with the help of Richard DeVoss, president of Amway Corp., and Art DeMoss, board chairman of National Liberty Insurance Co.,  took over the financially troubled Christian Freedom Foundation to solicit funds for their publishing company.  They hired Ed McAteer to run it.  DeMoss later publicly stated that the purpose of CFF was to elect Christian conservatives to Congress in 1976:

"The vision is to rebuild the foundations of the Republic as it was when first founded--a 'Christian Republic.' We must return to the faith of our fathers." [John Saloma, Ominous Politics: The New Conservative Labyrinth(pp. 53-54).
McAteer, a Baptist layman at Bellevue Baptist Church in Memphis where Adrian Rogers was pastor, later founded the Religious Roundtable (1979).  As the Religious Roundtable was getting organized, Bill Bright, along with evangelist Billy Graham, called a meeting in Dallas with ten or twelve influential conservative leaders.  Among them were Adrian Rogers, Charles Stanley, Jimmy Draper, (all three were Presidents of the Southern Baptist Convention during the first crucial years of the fundamentalist takeover of the denomination that also began in 1979 with the election of Rogers) Pat Robertson, Rex Humbard, Clayton Bell (Billy Graham's brother-in-law), and James Robison.

Here's James Robison's account of the meeting as recorded in William Martin's With God on our Side, (pp. 206-07):

"Billy Graham said, 'I believe God has shown me that unless we have a change in America, we have a thousand days as a free nation . . . three years.'  Bill Bright said, 'I know. . . . I do not believe we'll survive more than three years as a free nation.  It's that serious.'  And Pat Robertson said, 'I believe the same thing.'  Charles Stanley was standing there and I can just remember so well, he put his hand down on the table with resolve and said, 'I'll give my life to stop this.  I'll give everything I've got to turn this country.'  And I said, 'Me too.  I'll die to turn this country.  Whatever it takes.  We can't lose the country.'  And each man around the room said, 'we're going to get involved.'  Except Rex Humbard.  He said, 'I'm uncomfortable politically.  I really am very uncomfortable.'  And Dr. Graham said, 'I cannot publicly be involved.  I can only pray.  I've been burned so badly with the public relationships I've had.  I can't afford it, but I care so much.'"

Shortly after that meeting, Charles Stanley fulfilled the pledge he made at the gathering by inviting scores of Georgia preachers to meet at his church for a "Campaign Training Conference" where Paul Weyrich, the key organizer of the political right, told them how to get their congregations involved without jeopardizing their churches' tax exemption.  Weyrich has fond memories of the meeting.  He said,

"I had [newspaper columnist] Bob Novak with me and he was absolutely in a state of shock.  It was at that moment, he told me, that he decided Carter was going to lose, because minister after minister stood up and said, 'I was part of Carter's team in 1976.  I delivered my congregation for Carter.  I urged them to vote for Carter because I thought he was a moral individual.  I found out otherwise, and I'm angry.'  This was months before the election, and Novak said, 'I decided at that point that Jimmy Carter's goose was cooked because I saw the intensity of those people.'  That was really an extraordinary moment.  At one point, something was said about baptism, and Paige Patterson, who is now very big in the Southern Baptist Church [he was the chief organizer of the fundamentalist takeover movement], and some of his buddies lifted me up, physically, and started to carry me backwards to dunk me in the baptismal well there in the church.  It was a humorous moment, and all the guys in the audience were cheering.  But it was all done in good fun.  It was a remarkable day, really."

It is well-worth looking at Campus Crusade's role in the rise of the Religious Right.  CC has been wreaking havoc on campuses for years with its aggressive proselytizing.  And in the meantime, mainline campus ministries have lost funding and support for being "too political".

by Rusty Pipes on Fri Feb 24, 2006 at 03:31:11 PM EST

...that dominionism has been a problem that has literally been almost half a century in the making.

Bill Bright is one of the architects of dominionism in the US, just as sure as Ed McAteer or DeMoss or DeVos or the multiple front groups of the Assemblies of God.

The thing is, I've actually caught flack in past when I've pointed out Campus Crusade for Christ is dominionist (it's not just dominionist but--much like Maranatha, the ICC, and some of the Assemblies-based groups that target young adults like Youth With A Mission--has been definitively linked with coercive religious tactics including deceptive recruitment techniques).  Hopefully this will give me a little more ammo to prove what I'm talking about. :3

(Also, another funder of Campus Crusade for Christ's efforts--up to and including hosting stealth evangelism campaigns targeting fathers--is Truett Cathy, owner of Chick-Fil-A.)

by dogemperor on Fri Feb 24, 2006 at 06:43:41 PM EST

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