Syria, Conspiracy Theory, & Antisemitism
Chip Berlet printable version print page     Bookmark and Share
Thu Sep 06, 2012 at 09:08:25 AM EST

An international network of conspiracy theorists is pressing their support of the brutal Syrian Assad regime in an alliance with neofascists and authoritarians, including some who peddle antisemitism.

Their attacks on United States foreign policies and criticism of Israeli government policies, fused with their conspiracist mindset, has led them to suggest that the anti-Assad forces are being manipulated as part of a plot to use the “the Syrian crisis to dismantle Hezbollah.”

This is the contention of Franklin P. Lamb, writing on Counterpunch on September 3, 2012 in an article titled “Is the Syrian Crisis Being Leveraged to Weaken Hezbollah?”

The gold standard of this fusionist conspiracy nexus is the “Voltaire Network” which describes itself as founded by “French intellectual Thierry Meyssan,” and consisting of a “web of non-aligned press groups dedicated to the analysis of international relations,” with points of view coming from “diversified political, social and cultural backgrounds.”

Franklin P. Lamb has written for the Voltaire Network, which describes him on an author page as "Lawyer and former Board member of the Sabra-Shatila Foundation ; Director, Americans Concerned for Middle East Peace (Beirut-Washington D.C.) ; Former Professor of International Law at Northwestern College of Law in Oregon."

Thierry Meyssan is a leading international figure among those that claim the 9/11 terror attacks were part of a vast insidious plot by elites, not the acts of a handful of terrorists.  The Voltaire Network includes two former LaRouchite authors, William Engdahl and Webster G. Tarpley; and U.S. anti-imperialist James Petras. Silvia Cattori is a frequent contributor to the Voltaire Network, with a special focus on interviews.

Voltaire Network participants also collaborate in several ways with a broader and more diffuse set of conspiracist networks, mostly visible online Participants in this broader network have held international meetings and attended conferences in the United States. The network, which has no formal name, fuses rightwing and leftwing ideological claims into a combined critic of elite power similar to that of pro-fascist ideologues prior to World War II.  At least one group in the network is alleged to have support from allies of the Syrian government.

The Voltaire Network sponsored a 2005 gathering in Belgium titled the “Axis for Peace,” which included a number of current leaders and supporters of the LaRouche network, including LaRouche’s wife, Helga Zepp-LaRouche, who is the president of the Schiller Institute based in Germany. Christine Bierre, a panelist, is the editor in chief of the French LaRouchite publication New Solidarity, (Nouvelle Solidarité). Panelist Jacques Cheminade is the president of Solidarité et progrès (solidarity and progress), a political party advocating the ideas of Lyndon LaRouche, and candidate for the 2007 French presidential elections. Former LaRouche network staffer Webster G. Tarpley, a panelist, was a major architect and author of LaRouchite antisemitic investigative reports issued in the 1980s.

Christopher Bollyn, a panelist, is described as “an investigative journalist for American Free Press.” That the newspaper was created and run by notorious antisemite Willis Carto is not mentioned. The conference issued Final Declaration that ended up on the Centre for Research on Globalisation website.

See for background:

Voltaire Network

Voltaire Network: Main Authors Page

Franklin P. Lamb, Counterpunch September 3, 2012

The Plan to Destabilize Syria, by Thierry Meyssan

The Lynching of Muammar Gaddafi

Axis for Peace, 2005, “It is Time to Unite and to Ensure Peace: Final Declaration of Brussel's Peace Conference,” November 20, available at Global Research http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=1299

Voltaire Network, http://www.voltairenet.org/Axis-for-Peace-Final-Declaration.




Display:
It's hard to either describe or post a comment on the incomprehensible. I gather they relish thousands of Syrians being tortured and murdered by their own government, but what's their excuse, now?

by Rey Mohammed on Thu Sep 06, 2012 at 08:49:08 PM EST
it seems impossible they can justify the carnage.
_ _ _

Chip Berlet: Research for Progress - Building Human Rights
by Chip Berlet on Thu Sep 06, 2012 at 10:54:26 PM EST
Parent


what does the author think of the US's alliance with the Saud kingdom, Qatar, Bahrain all authoritarian and fascist? maybe the author thinks US imperialism is a conspiracist fantasy? who do you think the US is funding and arming in Syria? Salafists who set off car bombs in Damascus, who massacre Shiites, Christians and Sunnis that don't pledge allegiance to ultra reactionary Wahhabi insanity. I guess the author isn't opposed to "totalitarian and apocalyptic clerical fascist movements" when they are armed and funded by the US and its puppet fascist and authoritarian regimes and the full support of the US propaganda system. The author seems to buy the general worldview of the US's elite propaganda system that's in lockstep with US criminal wars of aggression and terror.

by Dylan Hunt on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 03:01:11 PM EST
The vast majority of the Syrians killed by their government are not Salafists, and the vast majority of the opponants of the regime are simply people driven into that position by its insane brutality. Are there Salafists taking advantage of that situation? Surely. Where their funds might be coming from is anyone's guess, but most likely through private entities. Whoever our present administration might fund or arm, it's not Salafists, Wahabis, or anyone connected with a certain incident eleven years ago. As for Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, the funds might be channelled from there. I'd point out as someone with ancestors from the former Ottoman Empire, that when anyone formerly ruled by the Turks begs for them to come back, their present state of governance is parlous indeed. Now, please research this thing more thoroughly, and take that foaming Alka Seltzer out of your mouth.

by Rey Mohammed on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 04:26:51 PM EST
Parent
from the New Yorker 2007 "The U.S. has also taken part in clandestine operations aimed at Iran and its ally Syria. A by-product of these activities has been the bolstering of Sunni extremist groups that espouse a militant vision of Islam and are hostile to America and sympathetic to Al Qaeda."
I would consider $60 billion US weapons deals with King Saud support for its Wahhabi ideology. The US wages jihad ultra reactionary and racist in character against Libya and Syria coordinated with US protected reactionary tyrannies Saudi Arabia and Qatar. destroying any government that doesn't follow US orders can hardly be described as supporting Human rights, democracy and freedom. The US is the greatest obstacle to human rights, freedom and democracy, but because of the power of the US propaganda system US leaders can seemingly get away with the most outrageous of lies. I wouldn't describe as research your passive absorption of US government demonization campaigns against those countries that it targets in its endless wars. you're highly conformist and subservient to US power. try thinking critically against US war PR.
"George Orwell pointed out, the nationalist will not only find excuses for anything his or her nation does, but will also show incredible talent for never hearing about it."

by Dylan Hunt on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 06:01:46 PM EST
Parent
Have you noticed, Mr. Hunt, a certain difference between 2007 and 2012? I would ask you to use your imagination, except you have already done so, poorly and to ill effect.

by Rey Mohammed on Mon Sep 10, 2012 at 04:39:20 AM EST
Parent




here's a video link to everything you need to know about the US supported FSA. In religious ecstasy they can be seen murdering prisoners that they'd been torturing. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Pjk1sYEjuU&feature=share In 2001 Berlet wrote "Isn't this a moment the left needs to just say it is against terrorism, and that groups like the Taliban and OsB's networks are not liberation stuggles but reactionary or fascistic movements that we oppose?" maybe he doesn't consider throwing the mutilated bodies of postal workers off buildings to shouts of allahu akbar or executing journalists terrorism. maybe he thinks the moment has past and we can once again support reactionary or fascistic movements in the name of liberation.

by Dylan Hunt on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 05:15:02 PM EST
Is unsourced, unauthenticated, and representative of what? Keep it up and you'll grow up to be David Irving.

by Rey Mohammed on Mon Sep 10, 2012 at 04:52:56 AM EST
Parent


The fear among Orthodox Christians is that if Assad goes, the Suinnis will take over and the Christians will be forced to leave or be killed.  If the so-called 'Christian West'--which I doubt it actually is that--supports getting rid of Assad and his cohorts, then there has to be some 'guarantee' that the Christian, and by extension, the Muslim and Jewish minorities need protection in the future.


by rdrjames on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 06:30:11 PM EST
Is there some reason why it is more important to guarantee that these minorities are not jeopardized than to halt the plainly ongoing murder of thousands of Sunnis? Is the life of one so much more important than the life of the other that absolute safety for one must be bought with real murders of the other many times over?

by Rey Mohammed on Mon Sep 10, 2012 at 04:48:37 AM EST
Parent
One of the points of this website is that people from all belief systems deserve basic human rights.
_ _ _

Chip Berlet: Research for Progress - Building Human Rights
by Chip Berlet on Mon Sep 10, 2012 at 09:46:20 AM EST
Parent
I am honored.

by Rey Mohammed on Mon Sep 10, 2012 at 10:18:03 AM EST
Parent




There is a vast conspiracy international in scope fascist in character giving aid and comfort to the enemy.

congratulations Boyscout master for shining a light on these shadowy nefarious evil-doers.

by Dylan Hunt on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 06:46:14 PM EST

Dylan Hunt,

You apparently joined this site for the sole purpose of disagreeing with Chip Berlet. But apparently the three hour cooling off period before the priviledge of commenting kicks in was insufficent to prevent you from being abusive.  While you are free to disagree with him or any of us, (happens all the time) when you registered for this site, you checked off the little box that says you have read and understand the terms of service and the site guidelines, which are unamiguous about our insistence about treating each other with respect and civility.  Please get with the program, or your further time on this site will be measured in minutes, and all of your comments will be deleted.

by Frederick Clarkson on Sun Sep 09, 2012 at 07:58:12 PM EST
Parent



It was interesting for me to visit this place and to have an opportunity to discover http://shoutengine.com/GamblingLady/why-more-and-more-gamblers-ch oose-playing-on-mobil-76021 so thank you guys for your interesting contribution. Highly recommended!

by RayPalmer on Sat Apr 13, 2019 at 01:16:25 PM EST

I can see why they have been speaking in its favor. Just go to https:/de.altoconvertwordtopdf.com and you will realize all of the reason it is better then the conventional way.


by LeeAppleby on Fri Jun 28, 2019 at 04:48:39 PM EST

Thanks for the nice blog. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. Thank you for sharing with us,I too always learn something new from your post. http://www.fidelitydating.com/text-chemistry-reviews

by LeeAppleby on Tue Jul 02, 2019 at 04:34:25 PM EST

This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough. I really appreciate your post. It is very helpful for all the people on the web. Cheap Jewelry Stores

by LeeAppleby on Sat Jul 06, 2019 at 06:50:34 AM EST

This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough. I really appreciate your post. It is very helpful for all the people on the web. Agen Bola Terpercaya

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 08, 2019 at 06:39:31 AM EST

Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbour were preparing to do some research about that. We got a good book on that matter from our local library and most books where not as influensive as your information cheap essay

by LeeAppleby on Wed Jul 10, 2019 at 11:13:22 AM EST

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information Brochure designing services Kolkata

by LeeAppleby on Wed Jul 17, 2019 at 07:03:52 AM EST

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips. شركة نقل اثاث

by LeeAppleby on Thu Jul 18, 2019 at 12:42:49 PM EST

You have done a great job on this article. It's very readable and highly intelligent. You have even managed to make it understandable and easy to read. You have some real writing talent. Thank you can seo help your business

by LeeAppleby on Sat Jul 20, 2019 at 07:25:12 AM EST

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips.  Cheap Jewelry Gifts

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 22, 2019 at 06:06:15 AM EST

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips. บาคาร่า

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 22, 2019 at 12:55:59 PM EST

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information Download Latest Mp3 Song


by LeeAppleby on Sat Jul 27, 2019 at 10:36:34 AM EST

Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbour were preparing to do some research about that. We got a good book on that matter from our local library and most books where not as influensive as your information poker indonesia

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 29, 2019 at 12:53:06 PM EST

Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. 123movies

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 29, 2019 at 02:52:41 PM EST

A very nice and good post this. I really like it very much. Keep this quality of your work on articles going on and please do not let the quality of your articles fall to bad. Cheers! http://mobi-ringtone.com/822-ava-max-so-am-i.html

by LeeAppleby on Mon Jul 29, 2019 at 03:19:53 PM EST

Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very spectacular possibility to read critical reviews from this site. Dentist Newcastle

by LeeAppleby on Thu Aug 01, 2019 at 10:01:05 AM EST

This is exactly what I was looking for. Thanks for sharing this great article! That is very interesting Smile I love reading and I am always searching for informative information like this! Question Paper 2020

by LeeAppleby on Fri Aug 02, 2019 at 08:41:49 AM EST

Thanks for your post. I've been thinking about writing a very comparable post over the last couple of weeks, I'll probably keep it short and sweet and link to this instead if thats cool. Thanks 먹튀

by LeeAppleby on Mon Aug 05, 2019 at 07:25:24 AM EST

A high speed broadband internet service at home is a must for today's requirement, where the cheapest and unlimited data offers that you can hook up your Smart TV or game console to one, but there are so many different ISP's out there and not to mention the myriad of plans they have on offer, we've gone through all of them and presenting the most popular BSNL Broadband Plans sorted that you should consider to opt.


by LeeAppleby on Mon Aug 05, 2019 at 10:29:36 AM EST

Just admiring your work and wondering how you managed this blog so well. It's so remarkable that I can't afford to not go through this valuable information whenever I surf the internet! dedicated development team

by LeeAppleby on Tue Aug 06, 2019 at 11:10:06 AM EST

FindOrg is a chrome extension that empowers Recruiters, Sales professionals and BD teams to find email address and phone numbers for FREE. No strings attached! And its free for life. find email

by LeeAppleby on Tue Aug 06, 2019 at 02:47:20 PM EST

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips. marketing to china

by LeeAppleby on Wed Aug 07, 2019 at 09:12:54 AM EST

You have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site russia marketing to china

by LeeAppleby on Wed Aug 07, 2019 at 04:49:08 PM EST

ISP Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) is the pioneer telecom in India, and the policies were further modified to introduce ISPs in the market, Several companies (Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio Aircel, ACT, Vodafone, Idea Cellular) joined the Indian market, and BSNL Teleservices provides the best information on all telecom and infra services provided by BSNL, and the telephone density in the sector has increased more day by day.


by LeeAppleby on Thu Aug 08, 2019 at 04:46:56 PM EST
That gives off an impression of being brilliant anyway i am still not very beyond any doubt that I like it. At any rate will look significantly more into it and choose by and by! flyer delivery

by LeeAppleby on Fri Aug 23, 2019 at 05:54:13 PM EST
Parent


I have in reality effective different numerous different other blog internet site web site internet site, yet they are preventing along with on top of that tracking over your fast analysis. I select you to continue to be to have such expenditures brief evaluations to reveal everybody! visit us

by TimFink on Thu Sep 12, 2019 at 06:48:43 AM EST

I question where you are obtaining your details, nonetheless outstanding topic. I call for to invest time situating a good deal a lot more or comprehending a great deal a huge quantity added. Many thanks for the fantastic information I was seeking this information for my purpose. spivak jewelry store

by TimFink on Mon Nov 18, 2019 at 02:14:17 AM EST


Great article with excellent idea!Thank you for such a valuable article. I really appreciate for this great information..    CBD oil 1000 mg

by hasnainkhatri on Mon Mar 30, 2020 at 05:24:13 AM EST

Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work. antminer cooling kit

by IsaiahJosiah on Wed Apr 01, 2020 at 06:46:51 AM EST

The Free car is needed, but it is not possible to collect the purchased amount of money. It is also impossible to issue a car loan , since the official income is weak, the credit history "does not shine", there is nothing to offer as collateral.

by maryland on Sun Sep 13, 2020 at 11:26:13 PM EST

Excellent article. I like the style of writing here

by TobySKT on Mon Sep 14, 2020 at 02:10:59 AM EST

A debt of gratitude is in order for a decent blog. It was exceptionally valuable to me. I'm glad I discovered this blog. Much obliged to you for imparting to us, I also consistently discover some new information from your post. Mumbai Escorts Mumbai Escorts Service Mumbai Call Girls

by anikamalhotra on Thu Dec 17, 2020 at 01:43:16 AM EST


WWW Talk To Action


Cognitive Dissonance & Dominionism Denial
There is new research on why people are averse to hearing or learning about the views of ideological opponents. Based on evaluation of five......
By Frederick Clarkson (328 comments)
Will the Air Force Do Anything To Rein In Its Dynamic Duo of Gay-Bashing, Misogynistic Bloggers?
"I always get nervous when I see female pastors/chaplains. Here is why everyone should as well: "First, women are not called to be pastors,......
By Chris Rodda (172 comments)
The Legacy of Big Oil
The media is ablaze with the upcoming publication of David Grann's book, Killers of the Flower Moon. The shocking non fiction account of the......
By wilkyjr (97 comments)
Gimme That Old Time Dominionism Denial
Over the years, I have written a great deal here and in other venues about the explicitly theocratic movement called dominionism -- which has......
By Frederick Clarkson (92 comments)
History Advisor to Members of Congress Completely Twists Jefferson's Words to Support Muslim Ban
Pseudo-historian David Barton, best known for his misquoting of our country's founders to promote the notion that America was founded as a Christian nation,......
By Chris Rodda (103 comments)
"Christian Fighter Pilot" Calls First Lesbian Air Force Academy Commandant a Liar
In a new post on his "Christian Fighter Pilot" blog titled "BGen Kristin Goodwin and the USAFA Honor Code," Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan......
By Chris Rodda (123 comments)
Catholic Right Leader Unapologetic about Call for 'Death to Liberal Professors' -- UPDATED
Today, Donald Trump appointed C-FAM Executive Vice President Lisa Correnti to the US Delegation To UN Commission On Status Of Women. (C-FAM is a......
By Frederick Clarkson (107 comments)
Controlling Information
     Yesterday I listened to Russ Limbaugh.  Rush advised listeners it would be best that they not listen to CNN,MSNBC, ABC, CBS and......
By wilkyjr (75 comments)
Is Bannon Fifth-Columning the Pope?
In December 2016 I wrote about how White House chief strategist Steve Bannon, who likes to flash his Catholic credentials when it comes to......
By Frank Cocozzelli (223 comments)
Ross Douthat's Hackery on the Seemingly Incongruous Alliance of Bannon & Burke
Conservative Catholic writer Ross Douthat has dissembled again. This time, in a February 15, 2017 New York Times op-ed titled The Trump Era's Catholic......
By Frank Cocozzelli (54 comments)
`So-Called Patriots' Attack The Rule Of Law
Every so often, right-wing commentator Pat Buchanan lurches out of the far-right fever swamp where he has resided for the past 50 years to......
By Rob Boston (150 comments)
Bad Faith from Focus on the Family
Here is one from the archives, Feb 12, 2011, that serves as a reminder of how deeply disingenuous people can be. Appeals to seek......
By Frederick Clarkson (173 comments)
The Legacy of George Wallace
"One need not accept any of those views to agree that they had appealed to real concerns of real people, not to mindless, unreasoning......
By wilkyjr (50 comments)
Betsy DeVos's Mudsill View of Public Education
My Talk to Action colleague Rachel Tabachnick has been doing yeoman's work in explaining Betsy DeVos's long-term strategy for decimating universal public education. If......
By Frank Cocozzelli (52 comments)
Prince and DeVos Families at Intersection of Radical Free Market Privatizers and Religious Right
This post from 2011 surfaces important information about President-Elect Trump's nominee for Secretary of Education, Betsy DeVos. -- FC Erik Prince, Brother of Betsy......
By Rachel Tabachnick (209 comments)

Respect for Others? or Political Correctness?
The term "political correctness" as used by Conservatives and Republicans has often puzzled me: what exactly do they mean by it? After reading Chip Berlin's piece here-- http://www.talk2action.org/story/2016/7/21/04356/9417 I thought about what he explained......
MTOLincoln (233 comments)
Fear
What I'm feeling now is fear.  I swear that it seems my nightmares are coming true with this new "president".  I'm also frustrated because so many people are not connecting all the dots! I've......
ArchaeoBob (84 comments)
"America - love it or LEAVE!"
I've been hearing that and similar sentiments fairly frequently in the last few days - far FAR more often than ever before.  Hearing about "consequences for burning the flag (actions) from Trump is chilling!......
ArchaeoBob (169 comments)
"Faked!" Meme
Keep your eyes and ears open for a possible move to try to discredit the people openly opposing Trump and the bigots, especially people who have experienced terrorism from the "Right"  (Christian Terrorism is......
ArchaeoBob (142 comments)
More aggressive proselytizing
My wife told me today of an experience she had this last week, where she was proselytized by a McDonald's employee while in the store. ......
ArchaeoBob (140 comments)
See if you recognize names on this list
This comes from the local newspaper, which was conservative before and took a hard right turn after it was sold. Hint: Sarah Palin's name is on it!  (It's also connected to Trump.) ......
ArchaeoBob (133 comments)
Unions: A Labor Day Discussion
This is a revision of an article which I posted on my personal board and also on Dailykos. I had an interesting discussion on a discussion board concerning Unions. I tried to piece it......
Xulon (142 comments)
Extremely obnoxious protesters at WitchsFest NYC: connected to NAR?
In July of this year, some extremely loud, obnoxious Christian-identified protesters showed up at WitchsFest, an annual Pagan street fair here in NYC.  Here's an account of the protest by Pagan writer Heather Greene......
Diane Vera (122 comments)
Capitalism and the Attack on the Imago Dei
I joined this site today, having been linked here by Crooksandliars' Blog Roundup. I thought I'd put up something I put up previously on my Wordpress blog and also at the DailyKos. As will......
Xulon (185 comments)
History of attitudes towards poverty and the churches.
Jesus is said to have stated that "The Poor will always be with you" and some Christians have used that to refuse to try to help the poor, because "they will always be with......
ArchaeoBob (139 comments)
Alternate economy medical treatment
Dogemperor wrote several times about the alternate economy structure that dominionists have built.  Well, it's actually made the news.  Pretty good article, although it doesn't get into how bad people could be (have been)......
ArchaeoBob (79 comments)
Evidence violence is more common than believed
Think I've been making things up about experiencing Christian Terrorism or exaggerating, or that it was an isolated incident?  I suggest you read this article (linked below in body), which is about our great......
ArchaeoBob (188 comments)
Central Florida Sheriff Preached Sermon in Uniform
If anyone has been following the craziness in Polk County Florida, they know that some really strange and troubling things have happened here.  We've had multiple separation of church and state lawsuits going at......
ArchaeoBob (76 comments)
Demon Mammon?
An anthropologist from outer space might be forgiven for concluding that the god of this world is Mammon. (Or, rather, The Market, as depicted by John McMurtry in his book The Cancer Stage of......
daerie (106 comments)
Anti-Sharia Fever in Texas: This is How It Starts
The mayor of a mid-size Texan city has emerged in recent months as the newest face of Islamophobia. Aligning herself with extremists hostile to Islam, Mayor Beth Van Duyne of Irving, Texas has helped......
JSanford (104 comments)

More Diaries...




All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective companies. Comments, posts, stories, and all other content are owned by the authors. Everything else 2005 Talk to Action, LLC.